1. INTRODUCTION The Yamuna river originates from Yamunotri at Uttrakhand in India. It is called by the name of ‘Kalindi’ as it flowed from the Himalaya at the hill of Kalinda mountain and rushed with a gurgling sound in the form of a great river. It flows through many religious places of Braj region the area of Vrindavan, Mathura, Gokul, Mahavan etc. It is called ‘Krishna Priya’ (the fourth beloved of Lord Krisha). Entire Brij region is called Brij Bhuma’. Brij Bhumi is the land of Lord – Krishna’s Bal Leelas’, the child like activities of Krishna. The entire ‘Brij Bhumi’, concluding the cities and townson both the sides of the Yamuna, belongs to the performances of Lord Krishna. It is said that having killed a great demon ‘Kansa’, Lord Krishna took rest at a spot named as ‘Vishram Ghat’ in Mathura. It is said that Vishram Ghat’ implies the importance of all the four religious spots Badrinath, Dwarika, Jagannathpuri and Rameshwaram. This is the reason that pilgrims from all the parts of India even from all the parts of the world come to visit the Brij Bhumi. The foreign visitors who come to visit India, certainly visit Mathura, Vridavan, Gokul and Goverdhan. When they come to know the activities of Lord Krishna, then become overwhemed to know the character of Krishna. For this they stay in Brij Mandal for several days. As the Yamuna is the daughter of ‘Surya’ (sun) it grants its devotes eight kinds of blessings like-prosperity, bravery, glory, wealth, renunciation (Vairagya), arima, mahima and garima. Those who take bath into the holy water of Yamuna, get rid of all kinds of sins of life. This is the cause why foreign visitors reach to take bath into Yamuna at ‘Vishram Ghat’ in Mathura. It is known to all that from Gangotri to Allahabad, there are numberless religious and historical cities and spots on the banks of the Yamuna. At Allahabad, Yamuna joins the Ganga and Saraswati and helps to make the spot, the place of confrontation (Sangam). At Allahabad, every sixth years a great fair, known as Kumbh Fair is held. At the occasion, numberless people from all parts of India as well as the world reach to take bath into the pious water of ‘Trivaini’. The confrontation of three rivers is called ‘Trivaini. It means three streams running together. Lord Krishna loved Yamuna very much. So, once when he came to know that ‘Kali Nag’ (a great venomous snake) had made the Yamuna water poisonous, Lord Krishna invaded Kali Nag and defeated him and made him promise to leave Kalidah in which people used to take bath and the cows used to drink water Lord Krishna then had made Yamuna free from ‘Kalinag’ but at present there are numberless snakes more venomous then ‘Kalinag’. I think, there is no possible way how Yamuna can be made free from pollution. But we hope, that nature is called a great healer. The nature itself will take a step to make Yamuna free from pollution. It is generally seen that when the nature takes her revenge, her action is disasterous.
2. PROBLEMS OF RIVERS Till the decade of 1960 – 1970, the Yamuna river was not so polluted that people might not take bath into it or drink its raw water. But at present it is so much polluted that people do not like even to touch its water. It is so polluted that no water creatures are seen moving into its water. Once the river was full of big tortoises and fish of various sizes. There are a few spots like Vishram Ghat in Mathura, Gokulesh Ghat in Gokul, Runkata Ghat (Agra) and Balkeshwar Ghat (Agra) and Balkeshwar Ghat and Dashahara Ghat (Agra) where people go to take bath into it on some special occasions and it is due to their adoration to the river Yamuna and Lord Krishna. As far as we discuss about its pollution, to a little amount, Yamuna becomes polluted even from its place of origin in Uttrakhand. Flowing from there it touches the Southern portion of Himachal Pradesh. Then it enters the territory of Hariyana and Uttar Pradesh. In the province of Hariyana it becomes much polluted. In the Mussoorie range of the district of Uttar Pradesh, it becomes partly polluted. At the place of Tajewala, in Hariyana, a vast dam has been built and from there Yamuna is divided into wo parts. Eastern canal and Western canal. The big cities of Hariyana. Jagadhari, Yamuna Nagar, Karnal and Panipat use the entire water of Yamuna for drinking purpose as well as agricultural need. As a result, these cities pour their polluted water of sever line into the Yamuna water. At the spot of Sanauli Ghat, between Panipat and Delhi, Yamuna flows with the sever water only. The real Yamuna water has stopped flowing ahead from Panipat. It is so because the rubbish of wine industries, sugar-mills and slaughter houses is openly discharged into Yamuna river. The dangerous and fatal chemicals are mixed into river water. The length of Yamuna from Yamunotri to Allahabad (Sangam) is about 1460 kilometers of which 30% area is mountain and rest of 70% is plain. The entire area of Yamuna is the most important tourist attraction. During the half of twentieth, Yamuna had been the home of several types of water creatures. The fishermen went on roaming upon the water surface sitting in their boats and used to catch fish. When, the Yamuna had been under flood, the boats were often visible in the Yamuna water but close to the share.
3. THE ROLE OF OUR SOCIETY AS YAMUNA KEEPER This samiti has been working under the mission “Yamuna purifying campaign”. It started its mission of public welfare since 1990. First of all, through demonstration, we awakened common people against serious and acute problem of pollution in Yamuna river. We consulted the people concerning religious, social and hygienic attitude. We made themknown to the problem of availability of pure drinking water. We made them alert not to waste water in useless. Our samiti has been working under the presidentship of Pandit Ashwini Kumar Mishra who is the founder of this society, working as a Yamuna keeper. Through public contribution and co-operation, we started JAL SEWA. Through this mission we supplied the drinking water to the needy persons during the summer season. We did this through the means of hand driving vehicles throughout the city. Our samiti distributed ‘Ganga Jal’ for worshipping gods and goddesses at several places. We did this at the places where a lot of devotes get assembled to listen to the preaching of great sages. These sages preach the principles of religion and the great importance of Ganga water and Yamuna water. They also preach people to save water for future generations. We made several religious performances to make people do the tasks of public welfare. We distributed artificial organs to disabled persons. We supplied tri-cycles to those who could not walk. Our samiti, under Pandit Ashwinit Kumar Mishra took part in the conferences concerning water, rivers, environment and other social activities of public welfare. We gave message to people through plantation campaign in schools and colleges, particularly at the spots where plantation could be possible. Pandit Ashwini Kumar Mishra, the member of Yamuna keeper started the campaign of Yamuna water purification since 2000, unstopped giving priority to this mission along with other activities of common people welfare as subsidiary mission. We have continuously been working against ‘water pollution’ in the Yamuna river. We have been instructing people against the use of polythine. We have been telling them that the use of polythin would one day cause a great harm of people and to the environment. We instruct people not to throw rubbish and wasted materials into Yamuna water. Pandit Mishra Ji, along with a few of his companion and travelled from Yamunotri to Agra (the origin spot of Yamuna) and found that Yamuna has been entrapped in ‘Hathini Kund’ of Hariyana state. From Delhi to Agra, Yamuna flows with only urine, excrete and other wastes of industries. It has no natural water at all. On the other hand, Yamuna river is wrapped with polithin, peices, dead bodies of animals and other kind of garbage. The acute problem is that seventy percent people of Agra and Mathura depend on the drinking water of Yamuna. The confrontation of five rivers is called Pachnada. During our journey from yamunotri to Allahabad, we found that Yamuna joins Chambal at a spot called ‘Bharah’. Again we noticed that Sindh, Kwari and Pahuch join together and these rivers touch the territories of Aurayea, Jalon and Etawah district, Going ahead the Vetava river joins Yamuna river in the territory of Hammirpur. That place is called Pachnada region. Through investigation, we have come to the conclusion that the Yamuna water is entirely unfit and unsuitable for drinking and cooking. According to the medical reporters and newspaper men, Yamuna water is so much polluted that it has caused several dangerous and fatal diseases of which a few are incurable and they cause heavy death toll in the territory of Agra and Mathura. The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world and the foreign visitors come to visit its beauty and architecture. They get surprised to see its beauty and grandeur but they feel disappointed when they east a glance at the Yamuna water. The rubbish in the Yamuna water is a blot on the beauty of the Taj Mahal. In 2006, our campaign had an aggressive movement and consequently undergoing several hardships and public opposition, we got success in building Balkeshwar Ghat in Agra. At present, that place is good looking and people, when have leisure, sit there, chat there and discuss their problems. Since June 13, 2008, we have been conducting an unstopped movement against pollution in Yamuna water. From time to time, we assemble at ‘Satyagrah Sthal’ at ‘Hathi Ghat’ and have a meeting to make people awakened against the use of polithin and pollution in Yamuna water. We visited villages and Ghat situated on the bank of Yamuna and consulted the villagers of about two hundred villages around the distance of 250 kilometres. To make Yamuna get rid of pollution we consulted some legal advisors, some people of environmental experience and ecologist, we got the support of thousands of people through the ‘Signature Campaign’. The aim of this campaign is that there must be a ‘Law’ to keep the water of every river free from pollution and particularly of Yamuna river. In our campaign, we have had the support of lawyers, teachers and businessmen. We get no financial aid from government. The members of ‘Samiti’ make their own contribution.Samiti Members1. Pandit Ashwini Kumar Mishra (founder and president).2. Dheeraj Mohan Singhal (Secretary)3. Ram Charan Sharma (Rtd. Vice Principal) writer4. Anil Agrawal (Vat Jewllers) member5. Mithilesh Singh, 6. Govind Dubey, 7. Jiya Lal, 8. Pramod Kumar, 9. Goverdhan Suneja, 10. Rajeev Khandelwal, 11. Abhinav Vashishtha, 12. Akanksha Mishra, 13. Sudhir Pachauri, 14. Mukesh Sharma (Advocate) , 15.Anurag Vashishtha , 16. Pandit Bal Bodh Mishra, 17. Ajay Awasthi, 18.Yogesh Mudgal (all are members)
4. ACTION PLAN (PROBLEM AND SOLUTION)The look of our rivers in not such, now, as it was in the former years. Rivers have lost their natural look at present.
Causes1. For the spoiled look of our rivers, our governments have been responsible. Governments adopted their materialistic attitude towards rivers, on the name of national development. Then built dams over rivers and tried to make them dead.2. Governments made declarations to reform the look of rivers but it was done only for the personal ends of the governments. Their planning about rivers disturbed the free-flow of rivers. The condition of rivers became so miserable that people became indifferent towards them.3. After the name of the amendment of the rivers, governments made a lot of money. The result came as the polluted look of rivers.
Solutions1. It must be prohibited to throw the waste of industries and slaughter housed into the water of rivers.2. The rubbish and dirt of cities and polithin should not be thrown into the rivers.3. The flow of river and sever must be separated.4. There must be no dams over the rivers. They check the free flow of river water.5. People of the society must be instructed to keep the rivers free from any type of waste and rubbish.6. The government must deploy the river police so that people may not try to make the river – water polluted.7. Government should check the encroachment done by greedy builders.8. For the safety of environment, there must be thick plantation on the both sides of the rivers.9. Villagers must be taught to save the rain-water in the ponds. They must be taught to save water by rain-water-harvesting system.5.
QUALITY STANDARD Shri Guru Vashishtha Manav Sarvangin Vikas Seva Samiti has decided to make people aware of the disadvantages of the polluted drinking water. The samiti is also trying to make people aware against the environmental pollution.We will adopt the following methods :1. We shall make people trained about water purification. We will tackle students and farmers in this concern. We shall visit schools and colleges and teach students to keep the water clean. We shall guide them the way of water-harvesting-system. We shall teach farmers also to save rain-water by harvesting system.2. We shall consult religious persons to help us through their preaching to people about saving water and making our rivers free from pollution.3. We have decided to arrange rallys to teach common people about water pollution in our rivers. We shall teach them how to keep our rivers and environment free from pollution.4. We shall arrange a signature campaign through which we will make people aware of the harm of pollution in water and environment.5. We will teach people that they must take great care of their hygeinic aspect of life. If they live in polluted environment and drink polluted water, they will become the victim of diseases.6. Our samiti has decided to make a visit to the rural areas. We shall make a survey whether people have been using clean water or not. We shall make a survey of the natural resources being used in rural areas.7. We shall bring the sample of water being used by people and we shall test the water in the particular laboratories. We shall be able to know of the quality of water being used by people.
6. FUND RAISINGWe shall do the following activities to raise the fund for making our campaign successful.1.
Membership : We shall try to increase the number of the members of the society. The greater becomes the number of members, the heavier will be the fund of the society.
2. Sponsors : We shall arrange money for fund through sponsorship. In the society, sponserers are available if some one takes step for some noble work for common people.
3. Donation : We shall encourage common people to denote money for water saving from pollution.
7. PROFILE OF OUR SAMITI Although we have referred our further activities formerly, we make it clear that we will take some other necessary steps concerning water pollution in our rivers.1. We will search out some person to perform the role of Yamuna-keeper. We will make a search for an Indian advocate who is willingly prepared to perform his duty full-time for the protection of Yamuna river from being polluted. He will be voice of the water way, putting its sake at the first and foremost place. The Yamuna keeper will have to be someone particular who may have strong passion about the river and in this way he will defend it with all of his energy devoting full time. The Yamuna keeper will have to become someone who should enjoy the work with community and build up the relationship, gaining their faith and support. He will have to generate in him a strong will to develop membership and promote the community involvement with the Yamuna-river-keeper-organisation.
He will have to maintain his own representational standing. Ultimately, the Yamunakeeper will have to become a thorough person, responding to all the complaints and seeking the methods of remedying the threats or damage reported. He will be a person whose work should be in the notice of everyone and everyone should know that he is working for the river in proper way. They should have trust in his work.